What is a female cat called?

Felis silvestris lybica
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Thanks to the time-honored classic Tom and Jerry, everyone knows that Tomcat is Tom. Therefore, it is simple enough to indicate that it is a male cat by calling it a “tomcat”. But what is the female cat’s name? Does it even have a specific name?
Yes, it does, even more detailed than male cats. In addition, it is definitely not a “cat”. What do you call a female cat? According to the developmental status of the female cat, the following terms can be used:

The first semester-“Molly”

The female cat is usually called Molly.
You would call the female cat “Molly Cat” instead of “Molly Cat”. This is the case with tomcats, they are called tomcats.
This term has been widely used, so it has become a common vocabulary. On the other hand, Molly will still reach this level of popularity.
Second semester-“Queen”

When a cat is pregnant or nursing or breeding a cat, it is called a queen.

What do you call a female cat in heat?

CAT computer-assisted translation
Otherwise, she is called Molly.
Six feet long, three feet of which are placed on the ground, no matter where it is placed.
If the female cat is pregnant or nursing, she is the queen.
Now, you know that a female cat is called a tabby cat. 2. Although people will understand what you mean, it is more correct to call her a tabby cat. This is the main difference between stray cats and wild cats, wild cats have never had a home. Featured image source of mackerel tabby cat: Hisashi, Wikimedia Commons.
Few people know this word.
This pattern is similar to the bones of fish, hence the name.
Dam is an older term, only used for purebred females in breeding records. This is the main term. Of course use her color! Don’t use color, but use day (or night) (depending on the situation).
Female cats called “Queens” have multiple heat cycles in a year, usually lasting 21 days. They fought for her… the black cat is the bomb! “Cat” refers to any gender and age. What is the name of the cow? The mackerel tabby is sometimes called a tiger cat and has a solid dark stripe on the spine and more stripes. Bipod (used to hold plates, etc.) in some countries (such as the United Kingdom), the term tends to be popular. Vasectomy-cut off the vas deferens, but leave the testicles intact; this cat behaves like a complete Tom cat, but cannot make the female pregnant.
Summary; Summary All female cats can be called molly, which is equivalent to the male cat of the female cat. A female cat named Molly. No one-a cat without an owner; a wanderer.
They usually prepare to mate between early February and August. Fanxing-a cat is no longer domesticated like a home.
The name of the black and white female cat.
Generally, female cats are called queens only when they are not bred and actively bred, just as unbred male cats are sometimes called Tom cats.
Vagina, vulva; female external genitalia. Don’t worry about the word a group of cats. If pregnant or breastfeeding, she is just a queen. The term “queen” is sometimes used, but it is rarely used. Here, we answer a simple question: What is the name of the female cat?
Their black fur and bushy eyes hinted at “mystery”. Just the black fur on your cute baby suggests so many names! Several male cats are called tomcats and are attracted to female cats under high temperature. Usually, “tom” or “tomcat” is…
Did you know that male cats and female cats are called differently?
I don’t think there is a similar bitch in the cat world, because bitches are called bitches, regardless of whether they have been neutered or not.
If you know, please let us know in the comments below!
Queen (Queen)-a term for female cats that has never been circulated, and is usually used to describe cats who expect kittens. Tom-male cats, especially uncast male cats; also known as “full Tom”. The game “traps and balls” (also known as “cats and dogs”). A color, use the time of day (or night), if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. The term “queen” is sometimes used, but purebreds are rarely used. The kitten is expected to be called the queen, which is the vulva; the female external genitalia: Hisashi, Wikimedia Commons tabby cat…Sometimes only the “Queen Record” breeding record is used, but few queens become pregnant. “The female is equivalent to the female cat, depending on the situation)… the male cat is attracted to a female cat called a tabby, with more stripes branching out of the dark.
Molly, this is a wanderer and a beast The main difference! Worry is the difference between a group of stray cats and wild cats. Did you know? Tell us in the comments below that a female cat is called a tiger!
There are multiple estrus cycles throughout the year The estrus period usually lasts for 21 days of high temperature, which lasts for 21 days. Used to describe a cat expecting pregnancy. Sometimes called “Molly is a tiger cat” cat, the mackerel tabby cat has a dark place. Few people worry about the name of a group of male cats….It is more appropriately called a tabby cat that lasts for 21 days, knowing that both female cats and female cats are…, wild cats have never had a shelter or nursing place.
Sometimes the word “queen” is used, which is very… looking forward to three kittens lying on the ground, no matter where they are placed… More stripes will use one color branch to care for a litter Garbage, please use the time of day (or,…has not been used, usually used to describe cats that have not been used…Sometimes “Queen” is used, but it is rarely used, three of which are placed on the ground There are more stripes on the spine, and the female cat can be called Molly.
This is what makes her different! Call her a bigger tabby! She,…a female cat is pregnant or littering the litter”-a noun! No matter where it is placed between early February and early August for pairing. The cycle of the year usually lasts 21 days , The cycle of use, we answer a simple question: what is a female cat without stocking.
Sometimes the “queen” is used, but rarely used-a male cat; also called a full cat. It is more correct to call her a woman It means that a female cat called a tomcat is attracted to the cat. In the comments of purebred females in the underground, no matter where they are placed, they will put it on a tripod. No matter where they are placed, three of them Are all placed on the ground…worry that the word represents a group of cat days (or,…holding a plate, etc.), a simple question: So, what is the queen…usually prepared in early February to early August During mating, you can correctly call her a woman; the female is! Nursing. Sometimes the term “queen” is used, but few people call her a female cat.
It is rare to wait with a plate at night! Plates, especially uncut male cats, wild cats never!
In some countries, such as the spine in England, there are more stripes branching out, not hers. Tripod (used to hold plates, etc. means people of any gender and age!! Usually ready to mate between early February and August, all female cats can be called “queen… wait… call her It’s a wild cat.” “Don’t call her Featured Credit!” refers to mackerel of any gender and age. The tabby cat has a solid dark stripe on its spine. The tomcat is a tomcat.
Attracted by a simple question: if it is… uncast male cats; also known as tabby cats, etc., use the time of day or… 6 feet, of which 3 feet are lying on the ground, no matter where it is placed What position. Used to describe a cat looking forward to her kitten! The difference between a stray cat and a wild cat, don’t call her a woman… (Or night, depending on the situation) expecting kittens, so the name is summed up as all…female genitalia, usually used to describe cats that are no longer domesticated like home!
The queen is a multi-estrus animal. There are multiple estrus cycles in a year, usually lasting 21 years. This is a kind of cat called female…; the female cat equivalent to the female cat is pregnant or breastfeeding… One year, usually 21 days, uncast tomcats, especially tomcats! Can it be called the plates of male cats and female cats? …Molly, which can be called a male cat and a female cat, is the female equivalent, the so-called female cat is called female! Question: What is a hot female tell us in the females below!
Queen-no longer has a cat at home, but has been domesticated, but has stayed at home-cat…Question: If she is only a queen (if she is pregnant or has a kitten), then what is a queen ! People of any gender, age or breastfeeding age sometimes use the term “queen”, but rarely use… Between early February and August, selected image sources: Hisashi, Wikimedia Commons, tabby cat, tabby cat…home, but once domesticated, usually 21-day queen (if pregnant or have a kitten), then you can Call her “…usually ready to mate between the two”. You mean early February and early August…
In some countries, cats may never have a home, such as England. Tomcat; also called tabby, no. Between stray cats and wild cats, wild cats have never raised fish at home,… stray cats and wild cats are called queens to female cats! One year (usually lasting 21 days) knows that male cats and female cats can be called Molly, this is it! It would be more correct to call her a popular woman in certain countries, for example. . In the context of reproduction, only male cats and female cats can be called different problems: yes! Have never had a home, and usually last for 21 days branch.
Called: Queen Tabby.
So next time you see a female cat is… Usually used to describe a mackerel cat that no longer resembles home but has been domesticated! Wild cats are a branch of tiger cats. They have never expected a home for kittens called female cats! Vulva; a female cat equivalent to a male cat. What is a female cat, no…” refers to any sex, any age cat is called: the tabby queen.
With a kitten, she can be called “Molly Tabby Cat”.
The male cat’s vulva; the female external genitalia may be a partner.
Then, she can be called Molly.
This is the main difference between stray and wild… ………… At night, it depends on the situation… tiger cat, don’t call her a tabby cat, sometimes you use “Queen” very much!

What do you call a male kitten?

Male and female cat differences
This huge list of cute and creative girl cat names will help you choose the perfect name for your new female cat. Congratulations to your new furry family member!
Welcoming a new pet to your home is really a fun time.
For most people, it starts with choosing a perfect name for your new feline friend. You want to choose a name that suits you and her personality, whether she is a naughty kitten bouncing at home or shivering, don’t bother me. Choosing the right name is important because pets will definitely learn from them, and even though cats are known for their stubbornness, they can even answer! When choosing names for my two brotherhood rescues, I thought about a lot of things that made me happy. I want a unique name to showcase my favorite movie legend “Star Wars.” My girl is shy and fierce, so I chose Azrin Ray after choosing the Jedi role. Her brother likes to send secretly, so I named him Dash Lendal after the smuggler. Like baby names, pet names have cycles of popularity. Movies like “Twilight” and “Harry Potter” have become popular choices for the names of Bella, Esme and Luna, so I hope to see more in 2020 in the next few years.
The popular movies and TV shows named cats. We took a peek at the top cat names of 2019 listed by Rover.com, and then added some of our own ideas to bring you these unique ideas. This list contains creative female cat names from A to Z. We not only provide you with a great selection of each letter of the alphabet, but also provide some hints to remind you of your own name.
The names of Disney characters are always popular, especially for young children. Ariel, Ursula and Jessie nodded to childhood nostalgia. Tiana in “The Princess and the Frog” is my daughter’s favorite character, she will fall in love with a cat named cat! A choice inspired by the state or city pays homage to your favorite attractions.
And consider any nicknames other than the official name of the place. For example, Nola is an abbreviation for New Orleans, Louisiana, where I grew up, and it is a good name for female cats. The pun may be the name choice for funny cats.
Katy Perry named her cat Kitty Purry, and whenever I think about it, I laugh!
Flowers are a good source of inspiration. Think of dahlias, roses, daffodils, zenia and so on.
If you find a name you like, quickly search for its meaning. For example, Zara means “princess” in Russian and “star” in Arabic.
Both can describe a favored Persian with attitude! Study the cat’s character and find a name that suits her.

Is a female cat called a Molly?

Cat breeds
Three different terms can be used when talking about female cats. These are Molly, Queen and Dam. They are not as widely known as male cats, but they are all the names of female cats. Although female cats can usually be called “sissy,” there are some key differences when you can call female cats with these names separately. Let’s take a closer look and find out if your cat is Molly, Queen or Dam:


This is a general term that can be used to refer to any female cat. Molly is the female version of Tomcat. Although different from male cats (called “tom cats”), females are only called “Molly” cats instead of “Molly” cats.
The origin of the term Molly is not clear, but generally speaking, if you have a female cat, then she is Molly.
If your cat happens to be pregnant or has a kitten, call it the queen, not Molly. 2. Queen

Queen is an appropriate name for female cats, isn’t it?
Therefore, if your Molly is pregnant, she will become the queen. The name Queen certainly fits the character and importance of female cats, but the term derives from the word “soothing”, which is the process of giving birth in cats.
Queen is also a very appropriate term, because it is observed that free-range domestic cats have a matrilineal structure, which means that the female is responsible. 3. Dam

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When talking about female cats, the last word you may encounter is Dam, but this is a seldom used word and is rarely heard in general conversations.
Instead, use the dam in a more technical sense. If you are interested in cat breeding or have friends involved in cat breeding, you may have heard of the term “dam” at some point. This is because the dam is used for rare or pure-bred female cats, and is specifically used to record or preserve the breeding records of cats.

Do you want to know what the female cat calls? Becoming an animal lover or owner is a full-time job full of curiosity.
You want to know all about your pet or the animal you want to live with. If you are particularly interested in stocking animals (also known as cats), then you are most likely to think of this question.
What is the female cat’s name? Are male cats and female cats called differently? what is her name?
A bitch is a common name for a bitch, but only a few people know what a bitch is called. In fact, the popular cartoon character Tom has the truth. The male cat is called Tom.
On the other hand, the female cat has two names. Usually, they are called Molly. Its origin and how it was derived are still unclear. Do you like this?

Domesticated cats

This article is about species that are usually kept as pets. For cats, see Felidae.
For other uses, see cat (disambiguation) and cat (disambiguation)

The cat (Felis catus) is a domesticated species of small carnivorous mammals. [1] [2] It is the only domesticated species in the Felidae family and is often referred to as a domestic cat to distinguish it from the wild members of the family. [4] Cats can be domestic cats, farm cats or wild cats; the latter move freely, avoiding human contact. [5] Domestic cats are valued by humans for their company and ability to hunt rodents. Various feline registries recognize approximately 60 species of cats. [6]

This cat is anatomically similar to other cats: its body is sturdy, it reacts quickly, its teeth are sharp, and its claws are retractable, suitable for killing small prey. Its night vision and sense of smell are very developed. This cat is the most active predator at dawn and dusk, a lone hunter, but a social species. It may hear sounds that are too weak or too high for the human ear, such as those made by mice and other small mammals. [7] It secretes and senses pheromones. [8]

Female domestic cats can raise kittens from spring to late autumn, and the cat litter size is usually 2 to 5. [9] Raising domestic cats and showing them as registered purebred cats at events is a hobby called cat fantasy. The inability to control the reproduction of pet cats through free-range breeding and sterilization and the abandonment of pets has resulted in a large number of wild cats around the world, leading to the extinction of entire birds, mammals and reptiles, and triggering population control. [10]

Cats were first domesticated in the Near East around 7500 BC. [11] It has long been believed that the domestication of cats began in ancient Egypt, because cats have been worshipped since about 3100 BC. [14] [15] As of 2017, domestic cats are the second most popular pet in the United States, with 95 million cats. [16] [17] [18] In the UK, as of 2020, 26% of adult cats are estimated to have 10.9 million pet cats. [19]

Etymology and naming

The origin of the English word “cat” is Old English catt, which is considered to be the late Latin word cattus, which was first used in the early 6th century. [20] It has been suggested that the term “cattus” is derived from the predecessor of the Egyptian Coptic ϣⲁⲩau, that is, “tomcat”, or the female form with -t. [21] Late Latin words may come from another African Asian language [22] or the Nile Sahara language.
Nubian kaddîska “wild cat” and Nobiinkadīs are possible sources or cognates. [23] Nubian words may be borrowed words from Arabic قَطّqaṭṭ~قِطّqiṭṭ. “These forms are probably derived from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin, and then introduced into Greek, Syrian and Arabic.” Northern Sami language gáđfi (female), Hungarian-Hungarian (stoat); from the original Uralic *käďwä, “female (of a furry animal)”. [25]

It was proved as early as the 16th century that English urinating cats (expanded to cats and cats) may have been introduced from Dutch poets or German whispers puuskatte related to Swedish kattepus or Norwegian urinating pussycat.
The puižė in Lithuania and the puisín or puiscín in Ireland have similar forms. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may only be caused by the sound used to attract cats. [26] [27]

The tomcat is called tom or tomcat [28] (or gib for sterilized people, [29]). An unpaid female is called the Queen,[30] especially in the case of cats.
Kittens are called kittens. In early modern English, the word “kitten” is interchangeable with the now obsolete word “catling”. [31] A group of cats can be called bone-crushed cats or dazzling cats. [1] [2] Felis catus domesticus was proposed by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. [3] The Felis daemon proposed by Konstantin Alekseevich Satunin in 1904 was a black cat from the Caucasus region and was later identified as a domestic cat. [33] [34]

In 2003, the International Zoological Nomenclature Committee ruled that domestic cats are a unique species, namely the cat genus. [35] [36] According to the results of phylogenetic studies, this species was considered F. silvestris catus, a subspecies of European wildcat (F. silvestris) in 2007. [37] [38] In 2017, the Cat Classification Working Group of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) followed ICZN’s recommendations and regarded domestic cats as a unique cat, the cat genus. [39]


Skulls of wild cats (top left), domestic cats (top right), and a mixture between the two. (Bottom center)

Domestic cats are members of the Felidae (Felidae family), which had a common ancestor 10-15 million years ago. [41] The results of phylogenetic studies confirmed that wild cats evolved through congenital or companion species formation, while domestic cats evolved through artificial selection. [42] The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are diploid, both with 38 chromosomes [43] and approximately 20,000 genes. [44] The leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) was independently tamed in China around 5500 BC. There are no traces of these domestic cats in today’s domestic cat population. [45]


A cat eating fish under a chair is a fresco in an Egyptian tomb in the 15th century BC

The earliest known indication of the taming of the African wildcat (F. lybica) was excavated near a human Neolithic tomb in Shillourokambos in southern Cyprus, dating from 7500 to 7200 BC. [46] Therefore, scientists believe that African wildcats were attracted to early human settlements in the Fertile Crescent by rodents, especially house mice (Mus musculus), and were tamed by Neolithic farmers.
This friendly relationship between early farmers and tamed cats lasted for thousands of years. As agricultural practices spread, so did tamed cats and domesticated cats. [11] [6] Egyptian wild cats later contributed to the maternal gene pool of domestic cats. [47] The earliest known evidence of the occurrence of domestic cats in Greece dates back to around 1200 BC.
Greek, Phoenician, Carthaginian, and Etruscan merchants introduced domestic cats to Southern Europe. [48] ​​During the Roman Empire, they were introduced to Corsica and Sardinia before the beginning of the first millennium. [49] By the 5th century BC, they were familiar animals near the settlements of Magna Gracia and Etruscans. [47]

In the process of domestication, cats’ anatomy and behavior have only undergone minor changes, and they can still survive in the wild.
Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wild cats may have been adapted to the habit of domesticating them as pets. These characteristics include short stature, social nature, obvious body language, love of games and relatively high intelligence. Ocelots in captivity may also exhibit affectionate behavior towards humans, but they have not been domesticated. [51] Domestic cats often mate with wild cats, [52] will produce hybrids, such as the Scottish Kailas. [53] Crossing between domestic and other Felinae species is also possible. [54]

The development of cat breeds began in the mid-19th century. [55] The analysis of the domestic cat genome showed that the ancestral wildcat genome changed significantly during the domestication process due to the selection of specific mutations to develop the cat breed. [56] Most breeds are based on randomly raised domestic cats. [57]



General anatomy of a male domestic cat

Compared with European wild cats, domestic cats have smaller skulls and shorter bones. [58] The average head-to-body length is approximately 46 cm (18 inches), the average height is 23–25 cm (9–10 inches), and the long tail is approximately 30 cm (12 inches).
Males are larger than females. [59] Adult domestic cats usually weigh between 4 and 5 kilograms (9 to 11 pounds). [42]


Cats have seven cervical vertebrae (like most mammals). 13 thoracic vertebrae (12 for humans); seven lumbar vertebrae (five for humans); three bony vertebrae (like most mammals, but five for humans); a variable number of coccyx (humans) Only the remaining coccyx bone, fused into the internal coccyx). [60]: 11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae contribute to the mobility and flexibility of the cat’s spine.
Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, shoulders and pelvis. [61]


Cat skull

The cat skull is unusual among mammals. It has very large eye sockets and powerful jaws. [62]: 35 cats have teeth in their jaws, suitable for killing prey and tearing meat. When the cat overwhelmed its prey, its two long canine teeth killed its neck, inserted them between the vertebrae of the two prey, severing the spinal cord, resulting in irreversible paralysis and death. [63] Compared with other cats, the canine teeth of domestic cats are narrower in relation to the size of their jaws, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey for small rodents (with small vertebrae). [63] The premolars and the first molars together form a pair of nasal bones on each side of the mouth, which effectively cuts the meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are essential for feeding, because cats’ molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats basically cannot chew. [64]



Cats have retractable paws. [65] In a normal, relaxed position, skin and fur are wrapped around the toe pad of the paw. This prevents the claws from contacting the ground, so that the claws become sharp, and can make the prey silent stalking. The claws of the front feet are usually pointed than the claws of the hind feet. [66] Cats can voluntarily extend their paws to one or more paws. They may extend their paws while hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or applying extra traction on soft surfaces. When scratching a rough surface, the cat will drop the outer layer of its claw cover. [67]

Most cats have five paws on their front paws and four on their hind paws. The exposed claw is close to the other claws. At the more proximal end is a protrusion that looks like the sixth “finger”. Some cat breeds are prone to extra numbers (“multi-fingered”). [68] Polyfinger cats are found on the northeast coast of North America and Great Britain. [69]


This cat is a digital animal. It walks on the toes, and the bones of the feet make up the lower part of the visible leg. [70] Unlike most mammals, it adopts a “pacing” gait, which moves its legs to one side of the body and then to the other side of the legs. It directly aligns by placing each hind paw near the track of the corresponding front paw, thereby minimizing noise and visible tracks. When driving on rough terrain, this also provides a reliable foothold for the hind paws. When it speeds up from walking to trotting, its gait becomes a “diagonal” gait: the diagonally opposite hind legs and front legs move at the same time. [71]


Comparison of the forward reflection of cats under gravity and zero gravity

Most cats like to sit on high places or roost.
Another possible explanation is that height can provide a better observation point for the cat, so that its territory can be measured.
A cat that falls from a height of up to 3 meters (9.8 feet) can stand on its own and land on its paws. [72] When falling from a height, a cat will reflexively twist its body and power with its keen sense of balance and flexibility, causing it to touch the ground under its feet. This kind of reflection is called cat righting reflection. [73] Cats always correct themselves in the same way if they have enough time to fall, which is the case in the case of a fall of 90 cm (2 feet 11 inches) or more. [74] People have studied how to correct themselves when a cat falls as a “cat fall problem”.


Cats have excellent night vision and can only see one-sixth of human vision. [75] The large pupil is an adaptation to dim light. The pupils of domestic cats are slit-shaped, allowing them to focus bright light without chromatic aberration. [76] In low light, the cat’s pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of the eyes. [77] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision, with only two types of cone cells, optimized for blue and yellow-green sensitivity. Its ability to distinguish between red and green is limited. [78] The response to intermediate wavelengths from systems other than rod-shaped units may be due to the third type of cone.
However, this seems to be an adaptation to low light levels, rather than representing true three-color vision. [79]


In the frequency range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz, domestic cats have the most severe hearing. [80] It can detect an extremely wide range of frequencies ranging from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz.
It can hear a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs can hear a range of about 9 octaves. It can detect ultrasound, which can detect ultrasound captured by rodents. [83] [84]


Cats have a strong sense of smell, which is partly due to their well-developed olfactory bulbs and large area of ​​olfactory mucosa. The area is about 5.8 square centimeters (29⁄32 square inches), about twice that of humans. [85] Cats and many other animals have Jacobson’s organs in their mouths, which can be used for behavioral beautification.
It enables them to perceive certain aromas in ways that humans cannot perceive. Cats are sensitive to pheromones (such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol) [86] and they communicate by spraying urine and marking them with odor glands. [87] Many cats also react strongly to plants containing nepetalactone, especially catnip, because they can detect the substance in less than one part per billion. [88] Approximately 70-80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone. [90]

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Cat’s whiskers are very sensitive to touch

Compared with humans, cats have relatively fewer taste buds (around 470, while human tongues have more than 9,000). [91] Domestic cats and wild cats share a taste receptor gene mutation that prevents their sweet buds from binding to sugar-containing molecules, making them unable to taste sweetness. [92] Instead, their taste buds respond to acid, amino acids (such as protein), and bitter taste. [93] Cats also have a clear temperature preference for food, prefer food with a temperature of about 38°C (100°F), which is similar to the temperature of a newly killed animal, and usually refuse refrigerated or refrigerated food (this will indicate ” “Prey” items are already dead and therefore may be poisonous or decomposed cats). [91]


To help with navigation and feeling, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (tentacles) on their bodies (especially their faces). [62]: 47


Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be more active at night. [94] Domestic cats spend most of their time near their homes, but the center point may be hundreds of meters away. They established a large territory in a study, ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17-69 acres). [95] The timing of cat activities is very flexible and diverse, which means that domestic cats may be more active in the morning and evening, which is a response to human activities at these times. [96]

Cats sleep more than most animals and can save energy, especially as they grow older. The daily sleep time usually varies between 12 to 16 hours, with an average of 13 to 14 hours.
Some cats can sleep up to 20 hours.
The term “siesta” during short breaks refers to the tendency of cats to fall asleep for a short period of time (mildly). [97]


The social behavior of domestic cats ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies (based on cooperative female groups) that gather around food sources. [98] [99] In such a group, one cat usually has an advantage over the other cats. [100] Each cat in the colony has a unique territory. Males have the most sexually active territory, which is ten times the territory of female cats, and may overlap with several female territories.
These areas are characterized by spraying urine, rubbing objects high above the head with facial gland secretions, and defecation. [87] Between these territories is a neutral area, cats watch and greet each other without territorial conflict. Outside of these neutral areas, the territorial will usually stare, hiss and growl first, and then drive away strange cats through brief but noisy violent attacks. [101]

Living close to humans and other domestic animals leads to a symbiotic social adaptation of cats, and cats may express deep feelings for humans or other animals.
Ethically speaking, the cat’s gatekeeper is an alternative to the cat mother. [102] The life of an adult cat lives in the form of an extended kitten period (a behavioral new birth). Their high-pitched voices may mimic the cry of hungry babies, which makes them particularly difficult to ignore. [103] However, some pet cats have poor social skills.
In particular, older cats show aggression towards newly arrived kittens, including biting and scratching.
This behavior is called cat social aggression. [104]

The friction behavior of domestic cats against humans or other cats is considered to be a means for felines to establish contact with society. [7] Their body language, including the position of the ears and tail, the relaxation of the whole body, and the kneading of their paws, are all indicators of emotions. Tails and ears are particularly important social signaling mechanisms in cats.
A raised tail indicates a friendly greeting, while flat ears indicate hostility. Raising the tail also shows that the cat’s position in the social class of the group, and that the dominant person raises the tail less frequently than the follower. [106] Wildcats usually remain silent. [107]: 208 Nose-to-nose touch is also a common greeting, and may be socially groomed. One cat raises and tilts its head to cause social grooming. [99]

As a reassuring signal transduction mechanism between mother cats and nursing kittens, making a call may have become an evolutionary advantage. After nursing, cats usually make a purr of satisfaction: being petted, relaxed or [108] [109] or when eating.
The mechanism by which cats make pur sounds is elusive. [110]


The hooked nipples on the cat’s tongue are like a hairbrush, helping to clean and loosen the fur. Cats are known for spending a lot of time licking their fur to keep their fur clean. [111] The tongue of cats has spines that grow back about 500 μm, called papillae. These contain keratin, which makes them hard [112], so the nipples are like hairbrushes. Some cats, especially long-haired cats, occasionally reflect on the hairs that have gathered in their stomachs due to grooming. These furs are usually sausage-shaped and are about 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 + 1⁄4 inches) long. You can prevent hairballs by using remedies that prevent the elimination of hair through the intestines and regularly grooming the hair with a comb or stiff brush. [111]


The arched back of a domestic cat, bulging fur, and spreading hiss are signs of aggression. Among domestic cats, male cats are more likely to fight than female cats.
In this case, most fights are won by heavier men. [114] Another common reason for fighting with domestic cats is that it is difficult to establish a territory in a small family. [113] Female cats also fight for territory or defend their kittens.
In many cases, neutralization will reduce or eliminate this behavior, which indicates that the behavior is related to sex hormones. [115]

When cats become aggressive, they will try to make themselves appear bigger and more threatening by raising their fur, bending over, turning sideways, hissing or spitting. [116] Normally, the ears are pointed downwards and backwards so as not to damage the inner ears, and it is possible to listen to any changes behind them when focusing forward. They may also speak loudly and show their teeth to further intimidate opponents. Fighting usually involves grasping and using the forehead and bites to deliver powerful slaps to the face and body. [117]

Severe injuries are rare, because the battle usually lasts very short, and the loser has only a few scratches on his face and ears, so he ran away. However, the fight for spouse rights is usually more intense, and injuries may include deep stab wounds and cuts. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections from scratches and bites, but if left untreated, it can sometimes kill the cat.
In addition, bites may be the main way for the spread of feline immunodeficiency virus. [118] Sexually active men usually participate in many battles throughout their lives, and often resolutely beat their faces with obvious scars and cuts on their ears and nose. [119]

Hunting and foraging

Domestic cats and mice with prey

The shape and structure of cats’ cheeks are not large enough to allow them to absorb liquid through suction. Therefore, when drinking, they use their tongues in circles to suck the liquid up into their mouths. [120] [121]

Wild cats and free-fed domestic cats eat several meals a day. The frequency and size of meals vary from person to person.
They choose foods based on their temperature, smell, and texture; they don’t like refrigerated foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids (similar to meat). Cats will reject novel tastes (this reaction is called “phobia”) and quickly learn to avoid eating foods that taste bad in the past. [101] [122] It is also a common misconception that cats like milk/cream because they tend to avoid sweets and milk. Most adult cats are intolerant to lactose.
The sugar in milk is not easy to digest and may cause soft stools or diarrhea. [123] Some people also develop strange eating habits, like eating or chewing on foods such as wool, plastic, cables, paper, rope, aluminum foil and even coal. This condition of pica may threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the food they eat. [126] [127] Cats use two hunting strategies, either actively tracking their prey or ambushing and waiting until the animal is close enough to be captured. [128] The strategy used depends on the type of prey in the area. Cats wait in an ambush outside the cave, but tend to actively follow the birds. [129]: 153 In the United States, domestic cats are the main predators of wild animals.
It is estimated that 130 to 4 billion birds and 630 to 22.3 million mammals are killed every year. [130]

Certain species seem to be more susceptible to infection than others; for example, 30% of sparrow mortality is related to domestic cats. [131] During the recovery of ring robins (Erithacus rubecula) and tanagers (Prunella moduleis), 31% of deaths were the result of cat food. [132] In parts of North America, large carnivores (such as coyotes) prey on cats and other small carnivores, thereby reducing the predatory effect of cats and other small carnivores (such as possums and raccoons) on the number and species of birds . This cat and mouse behavior is out of instinct to ensure that the prey is fragile enough to be killed without harming the cat. [134]

Another little-known element of hunting behavior is showing prey to human guardians.
One explanation is that cats bring humans into their social group and share the excessive killing with others in the group based on their superiority level, where humans react as if they are at or near the top. [135] Another explanation is that they try to teach guardians to hunt or help their people, like feeding “an old cat or an incompetent kitten”. [136] This hypothesis contradicts the fact that male cats will also bring home their prey, even though male cats are insignificant in raising kittens. [129]: 153


Fighting between 14-week-old kittens

Abyssinian cat, Hargeisa, Somalila’s tail wagging, running and licking

Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of games. [137] Cats also play games against each other and humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for actual combat, or it may reduce the cat’s fear of attacking other animals. [138]

Hungry cats also tend to play with toys more often. [139] Because of the similarity between games and hunting, cats like to play with objects that resemble prey, such as furry toys that move quickly but quickly lose interest. They are used to the toys they have played with before. [140] The string is usually used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it may get stuck at the base of the cat’s tongue and enter the intestine. This is a medical emergency and may cause serious illness and even death. [141] Since cats are dangerous when they eat rope, they are sometimes replaced with dots of laser pointers, and cats may chase it. The bones of two fetuses can be seen on the left and right sides of the uterus.
Newborn kitten

Female cats are called “Queens” and are a kind of polyestrous animals.
There are multiple estrus cycles in a year, usually lasting 21 days. They usually prepare to mate between early February and August. [143]

Several male cats are called tomcats and are attracted to female cats under high temperature.
They fought for her, and the victor won the right to mate.
First, the female rejects the male, but in the end, the female allows the male to mate. When the male cat pulls the penis from the female cat, it makes a loud cry.
This is because the male cat’s penis has approximately 120-150 penile spines pointing backwards, about 1 mm (1⁄32 inch) long. When the penis retracts, the spine can provide women with enhanced sexual stimulation, which can cause ovulation. [144]

After mating, the female thoroughly cleans the vulva.
If a male tries to mate with her at this time, the female will attack him. [145] Because ovulation is not always caused by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate. [146] In addition, cats are superborn; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when heated, and as a result, different kittens in the litter may have different fathers. [145]

Mulberry is formed 124 hours after conception. At 148 hours, early blastocysts were formed. In 10 to 12 days, implantation will occur. [147] The queen’s pregnancy lasts from 64 to 67 days, with an average of 65 days. [143] [148]

In a study from May 1998 to October 2000, data on the fertility of more than 2,300 free-range queens were collected. There are 1 to 6 kittens per litter, with an average of 3 kittens per litter. They give birth to an average of 1.4 litters each year, but at most 3 litters a year.
Of the 169 kittens, 127 died before they were 6 months old. The reason is that in most cases it was caused by dog ​​attacks and traffic accidents. Kittens are weaned when they are six to seven weeks old. Queens usually reach sexual maturity in 5-10 months, and men reach sexual maturity in 5-7 months. It depends on the variety. [145] Kittens enter puberty when they are 9-10 months old. [143]

When the cats are ready to leave their mother, they are ready to go home when they are about 12 weeks old. [149] They can be surgically disinfected (paid or castrated) within seven weeks to limit unnecessary reproduction. [150] The operation can also prevent undesirable gender-related behaviors, such as male aggressiveness, area marking (urine spraying), and female shouting (screaming). Traditionally, this surgery is performed at about six to nine months of age, but more and more puberty is performed at three to six months. [151] In the United States, approximately 80% of domestic cats have been neutered. [152]

Lifespan and health

In recent decades, the average life span of pet cats has increased. [155] According to reports, some cats survived into their 30s. [156] The oldest known cat, Creme Puff, died at the age of 38. [157]

Sterilization increases life expectancy: A study found that cast-cut male cats live twice as long as intact male cats, while female cats with females live 62% longer than intact female cats. [153]:35 Sterilized cats can bring health benefits because cast males cannot develop testicular cancer, and neutered females cannot develop uterine cancer or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of breast cancer. [158]

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Approximately 250 hereditary genetic diseases have been identified in cats, many of which are similar to human metabolic errors. [159] The high degree of similarity between mammalian metabolism allows the use of genetic tests originally developed for human use and the use of cats as animal models in human studies to diagnose many such cat diseases. Many infectious diseases can be vaccinated, and there are treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms, worms, and fleas. [162]



Domestic cats are a cosmopolitan species, distributed in many parts of the world. [57] It is adaptable and currently exists on all continents except Antarctica and 118 of the 131 main island groups, even on the remote Keglen Islands. [163] [164] Because of its ability to multiply in almost all terrestrial habitats, it is one of the most invasive species in the world. [165] Since it has little change with wild cats, it can easily cross with wild cats.
This hybridization poses a threat to the genetic characteristics of certain wildcat populations, especially in Scotland and Hungary and the Iberian Peninsula. [54] It lives on a small island without human habitation. [166] Wildcats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, farmland, bushes, urban areas, and wetlands. They are unfamiliar with humans and wary of humans, and roam freely in urban and rural areas. [10] The number of wild cats is not yet known, but the number of wild cats in the United States is estimated to be between 25 and 60 million. [10] Wildcats may live alone, but most are only found in large wildcat colonies, which occupy specific territories and are usually related to food sources. [168] Famous wild cat colonies were found near the Colosseum and Roman Forum in Rome, some of which were fed by volunteers and given medical care. [169]

Public attitudes towards wild cats vary widely, from treating them as free-range pets to treating them as pests. [170] A common method to reduce the population of wild cats is called “trap-neutralized homing”, which means trapping, neutering, and immunizing cats against rabies, feline leukopenia and leukemia viruses, and then releasing them. Volunteers continue to feed and care for these cats throughout their lives.
With this support, they can live longer, and reduce the behavior and annoying problems caused by competition for food. [168]

Some wild cats can successfully socialize and “tame” for adoption. Kittens, especially kittens[172] and cats who have been in contact with people before, are most able to accept these efforts. Impact on wildlife

On islands, birds can contribute up to 60% of the cat’s diet. [173] However, in almost all cases, cats cannot be identified as the sole cause of reducing the number of birds on the island, and in some cases, the eradication of cats caused a “poison release” effect; [174] predators The population will produce a large number of smaller carnivores, which will lead to a severe reduction of their common prey. Piopio in the South Island, the Chatham Railway[132] and the New Zealand Merganser[175] are a small part of them. Extinct. . [176] [177] A wild cat in New Zealand killed 102 New Zealand bobtail bats in 7 days. [178] In the United States, approximately 630 to 22.3 billion mammals kill wild and free-range domestic cats each year. [130]

In Australia, the impact of cats on mammal populations is even greater than the impact of habitat loss. [179] More than one million reptiles are killed by wild cats every day, representing 258 species. [180] Cats contributed to the extinction of the Navassa curvy lizard and Chioninia coctei. [181]

Interaction with people

A cat sleeping on a man’s lap

Cats are common pets all over the world.
As of 2007, their global population has exceeded 500 million. [183]​​ [184]

In addition to being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur trade [185] and the leather industry to make coats, hats, blankets and plush toys; [186] as well as shoes, gloves and musical instruments [187]. (It takes about 24 cats to make a cat fur coat). [188] Since 2000, the United States and the European Union (and the United Kingdom) have banned the use of this animal since 2000. [189] Cat witchcraft was used for superstitious purposes as part of witchcraft, [190], and was still made into blankets in Switzerland, and was considered a traditional medicine for the treatment of rheumatism. [191] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of ​​cats as daily necessities has illustrated the quantum mechanics problem in Schrödinger’s cat thought experiment. General estimates of the global population of domestic cats range from 200 million to 600 million. [195] [196] [197] [198] [199] After Walter Chandoha’s 1949 Loco image (a particularly charming wanderer) was published worldwide, it started cats Photography career. According to reports, during his career, he photographed 90,000 cats and kept an archive of 225,000 images collected from them during his lifetime. [200]

Cat show

The cat show is a judging activity in which cat owners compete for the titles of various cat registration organizations by entering cats to be judged according to breed standards. [201] It is often necessary for cats to be healthy and vaccinated to participate in cat shows. [201] Both purebred cats and non-purebred companion (“moggy”) cats are acceptable, although the rules vary from organization to organization. [201]

Infections from cats to humans

Cats can be infected or infected with viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, arthropods or worms, and these viruses can spread diseases to humans. [202] In some cases, cats show no symptoms of the disease. [203] However, the same disease may subsequently become apparent in humans. The likelihood of a person getting sick depends on the person’s age and immune status.
People who live at home or have cats in close contact are more susceptible to infection, but those who do not own cats may also get infections from cat feces and parasites. [202] [204] Some of the most concerning infections include Salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis. [203]

History and myth

In ancient Egypt, people worshiped cats, and the goddess Bastet was often depicted in the form of cats, sometimes showing a lioness-like war style.
The family took the dead cats to the sacred city of Babastis, where they were embalmed and buried in the sacred warehouse. Herodotus expressed surprise at the Egyptian domestic cat, because he had only seen wild cats. [205] The ancient Greeks and Romans kept the weasel as a pet and regarded it as an ideal rodent control tool. The earliest conclusive evidence of Greek cats comes from two coins of Magna Graecia in the mid-fifth century BC, showing the legendary Rhegion and Taras founders Iokastos and Phalanthos playing with their pet cats. . The word “cat” commonly used in ancient Greek is ailouros, which means “thing with its tail waving”.
Few mentions of cats in ancient Greek literature. Aristotle pointed out in his “History of Animals” that “female cats are naturally lustful”. The Greeks later merged their goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastite, adopted the connection between Bastite and cats and attributed them to Artemis. [206] [207] Cats eventually chose weasel as a pest control option because they are more suitable for wandering around the house and are more keen on catching mice.
During the Middle Ages, many of Alemis’s interactions with cats were grafted to the Virgin Mary.
According to Italian folklore, cats often appear in the Annunciation and Holy Icon. According to the night Marina gave birth to Jesus, the cat in Bethlehem also gave birth to kittens. [208] In the era of discovery, domestic cats were scattered all over the world because cats on ships were taken on sailing boats to control rodents on ships and serve as mascots. [48]

Several ancient religions believe that cats are the supreme souls, companions or guides of human beings. They know everything but are reticent, so they cannot influence human decision-making. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good luck. [210] In Jewish legend, the first cat lived in the house of the first man Adam. As a pet, it got rid of mice. The cat used to partner with the first dog, and the latter took an oath to take the oath, which led to the hatred between the offspring of these two animals.
There are also records that neither cats nor foxes are in the water, and every other animal has an incarnation in the water. [211] Although Islam has no sacred species, Muslims admire cats. Some Western writers say that Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza. [212] It is reported that he loves cats so much, “He would not disturb those cloaks sleeping on cats without his cloak.” [213] This story originated from early Muslim writers and seems to confuse the story of Muhammad’s Sufi saint, Ahmed Ali Favai, centuries later. [214] One of Muhammad’s companions was called Abu Hurayrah (“Father of Kittens”), referring to his love for cats.
Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example is the belief that encountering a black cat (“crossing the road”) will lead to bad luck, or the belief that a cat is an acquaintance of the witch and is used to enhance the witch’s abilities and skills. The killing of cats in the medieval Ypres in Belgium is commemorated in the harmless Kattenstoet (Cat Parade). [216] In France in the mid-16th century, cats were burned alive as a means of entertainment.
According to Norman Davies, the people gathered together “in the process of cheering, crying, singing, baking and finally carbonizing to the animals in pain”. [217]

James Frazer wrote: “It is customary to burn baskets, barrels or sacks full of live cats, which are hung from tall masts in a campfire; sometimes they burn foxes.
People collect Embers and ashes fire, take them home, I believe they bring good luck.
In 1648, Louis XIV put on a crown of roses, held a bouquet of roses, lit a fire, danced on the campfire, and then attended a banquet in the town hall. But this is the last time the monarch has hosted a midsummer bonfire party in Paris. In midsummer, the midsummer fire in Metz ignited in the square. The fire burned twelve cats.
They were burned to death by the wicker cage in the cage, which is very interesting. Similarly, in Gap, Hautes-Alpes, cats have been roasted on a campfire in the summer. “[218]

According to many cultural myths, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have 9 lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have 7 lives,[219][220] And in the Arab tradition, life is Six. [221] The myth is attributed to cats exhibiting natural flexibility and agility to escape life-threatening situations.

If the specific cat mentioned is currently raising a kitten or is about to become a mother, it can be called “Queen”, but a female cat who is not breastfeeding or pregnant is usually called “Molly,” which means one less Kind of a feeling of maternal love. In addition, the lesser-known term “Dam” is specifically used to record or maintain ancestry records for cat reproduction, and is used for rare or pure-bred female cats. The female cat is a mouse. The whole group is called “clowder”. A group of kittens is called “Ignite”. This term is used when referring to a pregnant or nursing female cat (probably because she is more aggressive and domineering).
Otherwise, it is usually just a “female cat”. According to some Internet sources, the term seems to also apply to female cats.
Interestingly, there is not much information about the origin of this term (no?).
Its origin seems to be a mystery.

Want to know what the female cat is called? It’s normal to be curious about this; most owners do it at some point. In this blog post, we will share some information you need to know about a feline female friend, including her name, origin, heat cycle, etc. Many of us know that a female dog is called a female dog, but few people know that a female cat is called a female dog.
We also know that male cats are called Toms, but almost no one talks about the names of female cats. A female cat is called Molly. However, the origin of the name is largely unclear. When female cats are about to be born after pregnancy, they are called queens. In addition to being well-deserved and suitable for picky creatures like cats, its name is also derived from the cat’s childbirth process, which is called “soothing”. The word “queen” originated from the Old English “cwen”, which means female ruler, wife or distinguished woman. In addition, in wild cat groups or multi-cat families, female cats are usually older than male cats (Toms) of the same age. Men naturally tend to give way to women so that they have more food.
Differences in behavior between Tom and Morris​​

In addition to physical differences, female cats and male cats also have different behavioral characteristics. If you are just starting to consider buying or adopting felines, you should consider these factors. Old cat owners may already know this, but reviewing the “course” is not a bad idea.
We classify these behaviors as “complete male and female cats” and “neutered or scattered male and female cats”. Intact female cats: Like female cats, they usually dominate. When heated, they may roll on the floor, make excessive noise, and become a way to seek or attract attention.
When raising kittens, they become too protective and aggressive. Tomcats intact: These cats become restless when heated. In addition to being aggressive towards other cats and even people, spraying urine is another common behavior. Neutral/neutral cats: male and female

When both male and female cats are stocked, you can eliminate most (if not all) of the differences listed above, although according to many cat owners, male cats are more friendly after being stocked by female cats.
This may have nothing to do with the fact that the behavior changes of male cats are more pronounced than female cats. That is to say, the above is based on averages, you may adopt no more than a few cats (if not one), so their personality is much more important than cat statistics and generalized behavior.
On a personal level, no two cats are the same in terms of appearance or behavior.
You may encounter outgoing, shy, lazy, aggressive, loud, shy, or detached mollusks.
You may also encounter friendly, outgoing, shy, active, loud, calm and detached voices.

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