What do cats eat in the wild? Disclaimer: Some links in this article are affiliate links; if you make a purchase through one of our links, we will bring you a free commission.
From lions to Tom & Jerry to Tom & Jerry, all cats are obligate carnivores. This means that meat is vital to their diet. Without them, they simply cannot survive.
We will continue the detailed discussion. But, of course, in order to better understand what cats naturally eat, we must look at wild cats. They are self-sufficient animals that can support themselves and choose precisely what their body needs.
So you ask, what do wild cats eat? This article provides you with all the answers.
Let’s take a closer look. Why do cats need meat?
We mentioned that cats are totally dependent on meat. That’s because the cat’s body does not produce protein by itself. Cats’ livers produce enough vitamin C, so they don’t actually need as many fruits and vegetables that contain vitamin C. Their hunting skills and keen intuition provide them with the rest. Therefore, cats usually eat their prey whole.
They will not only eat the protein in the meat, but also get all the nutrients produced in the prey.
For example, cats cannot synthesize the amino acid taurine. Unfortunately for them, amino acids are essential for vision and heart function. This is also very important for growth, reproduction and fetal development.
Fortunately for them, they can hunt. Taurine is mainly found in muscles, and cats obtain taurine from prey. Well, when we say that a cat eats every part of its prey, we mean every part, except for the guts. Cats get B vitamins and minerals from their organs.
They also get calcium from the bones of their prey. Now, we understand the reason and necessity of cats eating meat. Let us see how they hunt and forage in the wild.
How do cats survive in the wild? We will choose which other practical factors. What factors affect their hunting? Cats are very practical. They will use every opportunity to hunt when possible and eat as much as they can. However, in general, when cats are hunting in the wild, several factors play a role.
We will discuss each of them. Geographical Location
Their prey types, cat needs and their hunting skills will vary according to where they live in the world. European wildcats mainly rely on small mammals such as rabbits, rodents and birds.
This is especially true if poultry are close to human settlements.
However, African wildcats are completely dependent on the Murids family of rodents.
As for hunting skills; cats living on lakes and relying on fish and other marine life will not develop the same hunting skills as cats in the desert. Each location has detailed information that its local cat synchronizes with. Generally, cats will hunt half the size of their prey because it is easier to hunt and the bones are easier to digest.
Smaller cats only focus on rodents, birds and fish. However, this rule is not always followed.
The larger ones, like the lion and the leopard, will concentrate on the deer. For example, lions can also hunt and eat giraffes and elephants.
Because it also has a lot to do with hunting skills. season
Due to hibernation and other climatic factors, the types of prey vary with the seasons. That will affect the diet of wild cats.
It adapts them to the prey they can find, even if it makes them harder. gender
The sex of the cat is an important factor when hunting. Contrary to expectations, female cats are both good at hunting and hunting more often. This is logical.
Because for female cats, there is usually potential litter. Therefore, they need more food.
They must also hunt faster and catch better prey to provide food for their cubs. Cats usually start hunting around 6 months, sometimes even younger. Tomcats are usually good at hunting when they have a mate or litter. This is why if you have a domestic cat now, then if it is a female cat, she is more likely to hunt instinctively. Social Structure
Social structure is an important factor because it affects the types of prey. According to specific geographic location and animal society, cats will rank higher or lower in the food chain. It depends on the number of animals in the chain. This is also affected by all other factors (such as size). For example, the lion is usually at the highest level of the hierarchy.
This is not only their size, but also their social skills and hunting skills.
Most cats are not social animals. They are alone, which affects how they hunt when alone, and is not affected by the distribution of food in other animal enclosures. What do cats eat in the wild?
We have narrowed the classification of cat food in the wild. Those who follow the creatures are most often eaten as first-choice prey. 1- Rodent
Rodents, like rabbits, are probably the largest part of the diet of ordinary cats. They are available in many places around the world and are smaller than cats, so they are easy to catch. Rabbits are slower than cats and are also the main food source.
In fact, in Europe, rodents are the main source of protein for wild cats. Even domestic cats, rodents are the ones who hunt the most, and are sometimes even eaten. 2 birds
Birds are also a major part of the food intake of wild cats. The size of the bird is related to the size of the cat. The big cat catches the big bird.
They are abundant in most parts of the world and can be easily captured.
Bats are considered small mammals and are mainly hunted by cats.
Cats living near bat caves use bats as their main food source. Cats with advanced hunting skills may surprise ground squirrels. 4- reptiles
Since reptiles usually live in warm places, their relationship to location is more important than the other animals mentioned. However, since most reptiles are slow, they are easily caught. They are also more likely to poison cats than other animals, because they sometimes eat poisonous insects. Cats sometimes only turn their heads and leave the body, thus solving this problem. In the desert, wild cats rely almost entirely on snakes and other reptiles for food. In Australia, wild cats and pet cats, not to mention wild cats, hunt more than 1 billion reptiles every year. 5-Amphibian
Frogs and toads are also part of the wild cat’s diet. Although not the first choice, if there is no better choice, they will still hunt and eat them. 6-fish
Fish and location are also extremely related.
They are also more difficult to capture than land or flying animals. But wild cats living near lakes use fish as the main part of their protein intake. They are also non-toxic to cats, so cats can hunt them safely. Another insect that cats seem to like is spiders. They are generally safe to eat and are also abundant in some places. Spiders are poisonous, but their fangs rarely penetrate the skin of cats. Therefore, generally speaking, spiders are harmless, except for several types of spiders such as Black Widow or Hobo Spider.
Although it is not a source of nutrition most of the time, cats still need it to clean the digestive system of the hair bulb. When they eat bad meat and need to remove it from the system, they also deliberately eat frustrating plants. Some of their favorite plants are grass, bean sprouts and catnip.
Catnip is particularly suitable for cats because even though they may cause diarrhea and other health problems, it has a calming and euphoric effect on cats.
Should we feed our pet cats like wild cats?
Not all cats are the same.
They also have their own preferences. Raw food does have its benefits, of course, it is a natural nutrition for cats. For example, boiling bones will remove calcium from the bones and will also make them brittle due to sharp pointers. However, if you choose to do this, you should proceed with caution.
Just like feeding raw meat first, make sure it is absolutely clean and comes from a good source such as a butcher. In addition, do not leave big bones in the food to prevent choking. There are only bones that are easily chewed by them, such as chicken ribs or chicken wings. wrap up
We have explained the causes, functions and methods of wild cats.
They are still absolutely attractive to wildlife. Interestingly, in terms of hunting skills and intuition, their offspring are still very close to them. Interestingly, what cats eat in the wild is still related to the diet of domestic cats.
Table of Contents
What are cats supposed to eat in the wild?
So what do wild cats eat? butterfly? Should you feed domestic cat dishes?
How about cat food made from wheat or potatoes?
If they are good for us and dogs, are they bad for kittens? The best way to determine proper nutrition for domestic cats is to see what wild cats eat in the wild.
Do cats eat vegetables in the wild? Both dogs and cats are mammals and belong to “carnivores”. Dogs have developed genes that allow them to digest starch, so they can eat both plants and animals.
Cats or felines do not have these genes. These genes provide digestive enzymes to digest things other than meat.
Cats are “autocratic carnivores”. This means that your cat is a real carnivore and needs the nutrients found in raw meat (aka animal meat). Yes, it can be cooked. This is why wildcats have consumed millions of years of small mammals in their evolution.
Long before any commercial cat food appeared, cats had been feeding on this feral cat’s diet. In short, no. Felines should not be fed vegetables.
A wild cat quickly learned that raw meat can sustain them. Wild animal protein is a protein that should be fed genetically.
Not carrots, peas or kale.
What do cats eat in the wild? The most common foods for wild cats are:
little mouse. Mouse, sh, mouse, even squirrel, rabbit or hare. Little bird.
For example, sparrows or robins. Insects and reptiles.
Spiders, grasshoppers, lizards and snakes. Small rodents make up most of the common stray cats. Even the outdoor cat you feed your pet may instinctively hunt down birds. Have you found that outdoor cats bring you “gifts” like mice?
Even if they don’t eat them, they are just predators deep in their hearts. What is the wild cat diet? Researchers studied 400 wild cats on the Australian mainland in 2015. If not, move them to small rodents as a raw food option. The fact that cats or kittens eat insects and reptiles seems strange because it is not animal protein.
But wild cats and even outdoor cats can easily hunt a large number of insects and reptiles. Nature provides whiskers and an excellent sense of smell for their species to help find their prey. Interestingly, most of the nutrients provided by insects and reptiles are not available to small mammals. It depends on the availability of prey and the chance to find its preferred food source. Cat feeding behavior
In other studies, researchers from the British Journal of Nutrition found in 2011 that in small mammals (such as squirrels, ferrets, bats, moles), wildcats spend 78% of the total time on their diets, while in birds Accounted for 16% of the time. Interestingly, it includes some prey larger than the adult cat itself.
Studies have shown that as the size of the prey increases, the hunting success gradually decreases. This makes sense because:
Larger animals are more difficult to deal with. Larger animals tend to be smarter in hiding and hiding. Larger animals pose greater danger to cats, causing them to retreat when their offensive plan fails.
In nature, wild cats will prey on animals smaller than themselves.
This means that if a wild cat is hungry enough, they will use their excellent hunting skills to hunt down prey larger than themselves. To be sure, domestic cats are excellent hunters. The cat’s paw is not only to tear off your sofa.
Notice how the kitten’s instinctive behavior is tangy?
This is how you might see and how a displaced cat sustains itself as a stealth predator. Please note that not all cats eat the same things.
The diet of wild cats depends on many factors.
Similarly, the social structure of a feral cat colony, and even the sex of the cat, will affect the prey they prey and eat. Should cats eat a wild diet?
Does it seem that every image of cats shows that they all carry a bowl of food? What did they do to deal with a cow? However, as cat owners, should we be serious about giving commercial cat food to domestic cats that we raise vegetables, grains and a lot of carbohydrates?
Dr. Deb Zoran of Texas A&M College of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences recommends that you give pet cats a canned food with a protein content of at least 40% or more, and carbohydrates at 10% or less.
This will be similar to the natural diet of its ancestor rodents. It is important to note that most of the moisture in pet cats comes from moist food. This means that if your cat’s diet is mostly dry food, they may become dehydrated. Especially if they do not drink enough water. To make matters worse, dry commercial pet food usually contains a lot of carbohydrates and fats. To make matters worse, these may make your pet cat’s digestive tract uncomfortable.
Remember, domestic cats and even outdoor cats don’t have to look for food like wild animal relatives, lions and tigers.
Without this hunting activity, carbohydrates and fats in a dry food diet can cause weight problems. Do all cat foods contain taurine?
Taurine is an essential amino acid.
Your domestic cat needs taurine from the diet to make their organs function normally and help digestion. Female cats can raise kittens. Fortunately, taurine is naturally found in animal protein.
The dark meat of turkey has the highest taurine content. Next is chicken liver, then chicken. This does not mean that if taurine is added to pet food, your cat only needs to consume these protein sources. This means that if you have picky eaters, wet food made from fish can work well. You are now an expert in feline nutrition. As the owner of cats, you now know what wild cats eat.
You understand that cats need taurine for their nutrition. You know, as a deep species of cats, wild animals are obligate carnivores. You understand that the vegetables in cat food bowls are not easy to digest.
You understand that a dry food diet requires you to monitor your cat’s fluid intake. Congratulations! If you are looking for quality canned food, then one of the top commercial cat food producers can help you. Purina Fancy Feast is a well-known brand in the cat nutrition market. Many of our patients and cats love Purina Fancy Feast Grilled Collection.
Each wet food in this variety pack can provide a completely balanced cat diet. The raw meat of this canned food comes from turkey, chicken and beef. The food you put in the cat food bowl is supplemented with vitamins and minerals. Purina Fancy Feast Grilled Seafood Collection contains fish protein from shrimp, tuna and salmon.
Homework for cat owners of feline nutrition experts
this is for you. As cat owners, our cats depend on our health and well-being.
Wild cats do not eat any kind of plants. In the wild cat’s diet, there are no grains (actually domesticated to protect the storage of grains), no vegetables, no fruits, and no salads. What does this mean to you? Cat food should also not contain (or at least a small amount) of plant materials, such as rice, corn, peas, potatoes and other plant materials. See a list of other attributes of premium cat food here. . In the wild cat’s diet, there are no grains (actually domesticated to protect the storage of grains), no vegetables, no fruits, and no salads. What does this mean to you?
What do wild cats eat and drink?
Not many people (even cat lovers) realize that domestic cats are one of the most efficient outdoor hunters around.
Believe in their cute and lightweight physique is a set of genetic weapons designed to kill enemies quickly and accurately:
The reflective eyeball layer makes their vision in the dark 6 times higher than that of humans. The 32 auditory muscles ensure very clear hearing and excellent balance.
Flexible muscles and vertebrae enable them to travel at a speed of 30 kilometers per hour. The ability to retract their claws allows them to move invisibly. Nose teeth (molar teeth) specially used for cutting meat. The way an organism is structured can tell a lot about its natural diet. By observing their “aggressive anatomy”, cat owners may think that pet’s raw food is a novel way to think about an ideal diet and work to improve health. Indeed, a wealth of scientific evidence concludes that the evolutionary ancestors of domestic cats got along with close relatives of wild cats that were once ferocious and are now well protected. Despite coexisting with human civilization for the past 10,000 years, feline pets now behave exactly like their larger, untamed cousins when wandering outdoors.
In fact, a cat does not even need to be savage to become a top predator in its surrounding area. In 2013, the BBC documentary “The Secret Life of Cats” (The Secret Life of Cats) screened a typical house cat named Missy.
Although Missy is an indoor pet, he managed to accumulate an impressive (or disturbing) kill rate. In a month, she captured 5 rabbits, 17 sh, 11 mice and 7 birds-technically speaking, there is one corpse every day, leaving 9 victims. Missy is the perfect example of cats with more hungry feelings, and traditional cat food cannot fully satisfy their needs. In other words, they can only obtain the nutrients they need for life by eating meat.
Although modern cats breed commercial cat food, their instinct to hunt them is a deep-rooted impulse derived from their evolutionary ancestors. Do you want to go on a diet?
The term “paleo diet” describes a nutritional principle (in theory), based on its purest biological design, designed to meet the needs of the human body. The idea of people who follow this diet is that the healthy food they eat can sustain prehistorically strong human beings.
Ultimately, this means eating only whole foods and lean protein.
The same idea applies to those who tend to think that commercial food produced by feeding cats every day is unnatural and therefore unsafe. Just like the human diet of humans, the wild diet means feeding cats with the same food, and the evolutionary ancestors of cats fed on this food. So, what do wild cats eat?
The only major difference between the common ideal food source for wild cats and lions is their size. Wildcats hunt as a team and kill huge prey (such as zebras). As individuals, they only pursue things that are relatively less than half the size, such as:
In terms of general similarity, another point worth noting is that domestic cats and their cousins like to consume their entire prey. In other words, the ideal wild diet includes fresh kills. A more realistic alternative that pet owners can offer is raw meat. By eating the entire mouse’s bones, fur, and organs, cats can enjoy the benefits of all these nutrients (even the vitamins and minerals in the mouse’s stomach).
Fur can even provide beneficial roughage to help digestion and remove “fur balls” out of the digestive tract. Here are some of the benefits of feeding raw meat to domestic cats:
Improve dental health
Thinner jacket (reduce shedding)
Improve kidney health
Reduce stool volume and odor
There is no doubt that cats profit from eating fresh meat. However, one aspect of the theory that may be overlooked involves the fact that they prefer to devour prey entirely. One cannot help asking: Can cats eat bones? If cooked, these fragments will break into sharp pieces, the bones will become brittle, and cause serious damage to the entire digestive system.
Raw bone provides similar nutritional value to meat. However, if your cat is overweight, you should limit the amount of fatty bone marrow it consumes. challenge
Unfortunately, the conversion from the usual dry, processed cat food to raw meat is not as easy as it seems.
In terms of the ratio between dry food and fresh meat, this gradual exchange will eventually pay off. At the same time, serious consideration in health cannot be ignored.
If raw meat is not carefully stored, it can easily become a breeding ground for parasites.
Before implementing this bold approach to diet planning, people must be able to obtain the approval of the attending physician (and follow all supplementary diet recommendations). Safe analog alternatives
Considering the benefits of wild diets and realistic attempts, not every cat owner is willing to take such a huge leap. Some people may think that this lifestyle change is too cumbersome to implement, especially when time and resources may be limited. The question is: Do you always want to feed the cat what it will eat in the wild?
Do wild cats eat vegetables?
Emily Parker, Catologic.com
There are many misunderstandings when it comes to cats and food. People often think of fish as ideal cat food, and imagine that kittens will make a saucer of milk. But did you know that neither fish nor milk are ideal snacks for cats? For those who believe in the “ancestral diet” (similar to the paleo diet of humans) and believe that the cat’s diet should be as close as possible to the natural diet, you are really lucky. We will study what cats actually eat in the wild and whether they should try to replicate a high-quality diet. Wildcats and wildcats eat a lot of small mammals
The British Journal of Nutrition published a study in 2011 that looked at previous research on the nutrition of wild and wild cats. Using 30 data sets from 27 different studies around the world, they were able to determine the type of food cats eat in the wild.
Studies have found that cats eat a lot:
They also eat some reptiles and amphibians, invertebrates and small amounts of fish and carrion. Rabbits are the largest single food source, with an average of 41.5% for all data sets.
Rodents rank second with an average of 31.9% (mainly composed of rats, mice and voles), and birds rank third with an average of 16%. Interestingly, there is a wild cat who consumes birds with more than 96% of its diet! In any cat’s diet, the most fish is 9.5%, and most studies have shown that fish are not eaten at all. Obviously, cats in the wild eat fairly thin prey.
They prefer foods that are high in protein and relatively low in fat. So, what does this look like from a macronutrient (protein, fat, carbohydrate) point of view?
This is undoubtedly a far cry from most commercial cat food! We can place the data in another way by converting the data to dry matter.
The dry matter basis is a useful way to figure out the content of macronutrients in different foods by removing water from the equation.
In this way, we can even accurately compare wet and dry foods! From an official point of view, it looks like:
2.8% nitrogen-free extract (carbohydrates)
Likewise, compare it with the food you feed your cat to see how close you can get. I can tell you that since I have evaluated and reviewed more than 2,000 cat foods in the database, there are very few commercial foods that come close to these numbers.
In our database of more than 2,000 cat foods, the average values are as follows:
Obviously, some are better than this, but many are much worse than this… I’m talking about 40% or more carbohydrates! Should cats eat a “wild” diet? In this study, cats were provided with a variety of food choices. They can basically eat whatever they want, but the results are very similar.
Cats are provided with low-quality (in my opinion) commercial cat food for you to choose from, so the results will never be exactly the same, but this is an idea about the average macronutrient status of the self-selected cats in this study (based on Calories) basis):
Wow! very similar. This may lead you to believe that cats do want to eat a diet high in protein, moderate fat and very low carbohydrates.
Remember, cats have been domesticated for thousands of years. There is not enough time to make their digestive tract very different from their wild cousins. In addition, most domestication is based on the fact that people want cats to hunt mice around so that the rodents will not eat their grain reserves!
Buy cat food now-buy more than 1,000 brands at Chewy! wrap up
Cats mainly eat rabbits, rodents and birds in the wild.
This means that about half of their calories come from protein, while the other half comes from fat. They hardly eat carbohydrates. Whether cats can live longer in “low-quality” commercial cat food is not a problem here… I know that many people own it!
The question is, if you feed a nearly natural diet, will cats live longer, better, and even healthier lives, with less pain and a lower risk of disease. The choice is yours, but it is clear what your kitten will choose! About the author:
Emily Parker is the mother cat of two black cats (Gus and Louis). In the past year, she spent a lot of time researching and evaluating commercial cat food to build a detailed cat food database.
She released the best from her findings and will release the entire database later this year.
Christina Chambreau, DVM
“I think that if cats live on commercial food for a long time, they can’t be truly healthy. This belief is based on comparing the condition of domestic cats with wild cats that can get enough prey.”
Miss Katie is a carnivore
do you know…?
Cats do not need grains. (In ancient Egypt, cats protected the granary from mice that eat grains!) Cats fed only dry food will be dehydrated for a long time and negatively affect the kidneys. Their “thirst motivation” is not enough to fully hydrate the dry food. Physiologically, cats are not designed to eat cooked (canned or bagged) food. Many veterinarians have seen this benefit and recommend a “primal prey” diet to maximize the health of dogs and cats. What do cats really design to eat? Cats are true (obligate) carnivores (physiologically/anatomically), designed to eat and digest the entire primitive prey. From cooked to raw: basic steps
Find meat that cats like (rabbit, pheasant, ostrich, etc.),
Introduce new food slowly and then
A small part, and
Mix well with current food.
Start with 1/4 (or less) of the “new” food, then mix with 3/4 of the “old” food. While reducing “old”, slowly increase the percentage of “new”.
Remember, the cat’s digestive system has spent years cooking over-cooked, dehydrated “fast food”, and it needs some time to adjust. Every cat is an individual.
Patience, perseverance and “creativity” will bring you health dividends! It feels like you are losing the battle? – The following are some suggestions:
Cook the meat a little bit (no bones!), then gradually reduce the cooking time until “raw”. Including raw meat, but adding some tantalizing flavor-maybe some tuna? As time goes by, gradually reduce the temptation.
Before feeding the “new” raw food, fast for a day or two (there is always water). Our staff will be happy to provide you with other suggestions and ideas. Some benefits of RAW:
• Reduce shedding
• Improved temperament
•Reduce the smell of trash cans
• Fewer stools
• Healthy gums
• Brush your teeth
• Fresh breath
• Few or no fleas
• Comprehensive health improvement
• Reduce food consumption
• Happier cats! What, how and how to feed
what? • 80-90% of muscle meat – 10% of which are organs
• 5-15% bones – try the tip or neck of chicken wings
•Cold-pressed fish oil and natural vitamin/mineral supplements
How many? On average, adult cats eat about 1/2 to 3/4 cup (100-150 grams) of food per day.
Allow kittens to eat what they want 3 to 4 times a day. (To improve hydration, add and mix in water.) Food should be taken out between feedings. how often?
Healthy adults-twice a day.
Kittens and older cats: 3-4 times a day.
The foraging behavior of cats in the wild reflects the species’ preference for animal tissues. Wildcats swallow the entire prey, including muscles, organs, bones, internal organs, skin, internal organs, etc., but usually avoid eating the plant materials contained in the internal organs. Domestic cats cannot easily accept food provided at extreme temperatures. Considering that in the wild, eating a cat’s diet will kill the prey fresh when the body temperature is normal. Therefore, it is best to choose food close to body temperature.
Young kittens begin to exhibit predatory behavior when they are about six weeks old. At home, you may see the queen bring small pieces of meat or live prey to the nest box and make unusual sounds to attract the attention of the kittens. She can throw meat claws at kitten paws or throw prey into the air and pounce on them when landing.
Living prey taken a certain distance away will become disoriented and easier to recapture or play. Sometimes the kitten will jump on the meat or prey, growl threateningly, and devour it. The queen will often start playing with the kittens, but then eat her own meal. At this stage of development, kittens begin to practice hunting. Crouch and ambush, assault each other, attack each other from behind the hiding place. The queen also provides an irresistible target for the cat’s curious paws by sitting quietly next to the nest and waving the tail from side to side, thereby encouraging raids and grasping behavior. Cats usually prefer to hunt alone, and hunt and track within their own territory.
Some cats roam long distances from home to visit specific hunting grounds. Occasionally, cats from the same family learn to hunt together.
Everyone seems to be able to sense the other’s intentions because they have established a strategic location and conducted a carefully planned attack. However, the most careful and cutest cat on the full belly is still hunter-loving, forced to track and catch. Compared with domestic pets, wild cats are better hunters, and nursing mothers are the best hunters. A study of cats on Swiss farms found that it takes an average of one and a half minutes to capture rodents in Queens. They are captured every three to four raids, and the non-mother’s time is almost two-thirds, every twelve raids once.
Since the cat has excellent vision even in low light conditions, it can successfully hunt in the twilight of dusk and dawn.
The keen hearing allows the prey and the whiskers or tentacles to be located, and the sensitive hair on the ear tips allows the cat to feel its way through densely tangled bushes. The soft soles and retracted claws help to move quietly and quickly, while the powerful hindquarters provide propulsion when you need to launch an attack or launch a projectile. Hungry cats usually release their prey very quickly, and usually bite their necks effectively when the kitten is covered.
A well-fed cat will be excited by the stem, prey, and prey, and it may play with the prey for a while before being killed. If given the opportunity, even the gentlest cats will hunt, because even though they have been domesticated for centuries, cats still have a lot of motivation to find and capture other small animals. Cats are opportunistic hunters and will use what is available. Most prey prey on land animals and reptiles, but some people become good at catching birds with the knowledge learned from their mothers and their experience. There are local differences in the prey of cats; in the German research on the content of cat stomachs, rural cats ate 14 different animals, while urban cats ate only cat food and only one grasshopper. The size of the prey is also larger. North American cats eat mice, ground squirrels, flying squirrels, chipmunks, gophers and robins. In southern Sweden, males catch more rabbits than smaller females. Kittens around the world and adults in tropical regions eat spiders and insects.
On the Antarctic islands, will consume nods, terns and penguins. In Australia, cats are imported in order to control the imported European rabbits.
They will also eat possums, reptiles and ground nesting birds. If a cat decides to eat a large prey, such as a rabbit or hare, it must first swallow its internal organs. After a rest, the cat may eat the entire car body, even if its weight is almost as large as its own weight. In this case, it may fast for a few days and then hunt again. If the prey is small, the cat may eat the head first, then swallow the rest of the body, including all fur, feathers and bones, and reflux the undigested parts after an hour or two.
Cats that often eat fresh prey seldom drink it because the fluid content in the body is high.
Eating fresh prey can also keep the cat’s teeth and gums in good condition, and make the jaw muscles get a good exercise. The movement aspect of hunting behavior is most easily observed in hunting cats in open areas, even if it requires a bit of skill to succeed. The cat first uses all possible concealment methods to get as close to the prey as possible. When it is within a reasonable strike distance, the cat flattens its body to the ground and continues to move forward, sliding on the ground, pressing its abdomen on the ground, stretching its head towards the fully extended neck, and turning its ears to catch all sounds . The hips and shoulder blades provide the highest point of its tracking profile, and keep it level and low. When the cat feels that the time is right, it will swing its hips and tail to build momentum, and then suddenly burst out suppressed energy, and its body shoots forward with a rapid attack.
A cat highly motivated by this type of game may continue to toss the corpse for about an hour, jump down and jump on it, slap it under the object, and hook it again with its outstretched paw, and place it on its body Rake it down.
Using the hind legs, ignore the prey while licking the paw, and then jump on it again enthusiastically as if seeing it for the first time.
After some hunting, a cat may literally dance happily, performing curved high pantomime jumps. This is most common after killing dangerous prey such as rats.
Known as the “overflow game”, it is manifested as the release of hunting pressure. Wild menu
Since the claws are dedicated to killing and climbing, rather than digging or running, the cat’s attack distance is very short. In order to get close enough to attack, cats will track prey.
The cat’s stem (head and body in a low position, intermittently fast approaching prey, final swing and explosive leap) is almost universal.
The faster the prey is disabled, the less likely the cat will be severely injured. The cat’s canine teeth are like a long, sharp dagger that pierces the neck of a prey. They are just the right width to avoid the vertebrae and wedging in the gap between them, thus separating the bones to cut the spinal cord.
Indeed, “Canine Tooth” is like a cat, and like a cat, it is suitable for prey. The dog dagger could feel the way he reached the killing site, and he was full of nerves. Combined with a very fast test bite, this allows the cat to draw the correct path at lightning speed. The stabbing force of the teeth wielding these daggers makes the bulging jaw muscles require a short, compact muzzle. As a result, modern cats have no room for a few cheek teeth, once installed in the longer muzzle of their ancestors. Wildcats can subdue prey almost as large as them, and tend to avoid prey with spines, shells, or unpleasant odors. Cats usually eat 10 to 20 small meals during the day and night. This diet may reflect the evolutionary relationship between cats and their prey. Domestic cats are usually solitary hunters. Small rodents (voles and mice) account for 40% or more of the wild food of domestic cats; however, young rabbits and hares may constitute a large part of the prey. Various other preys (birds, reptiles, frogs and insects) were also caught, but in smaller numbers.
Ordinary mice can provide about 8% of the daily energy requirements of wild cats.
Therefore, it is necessary to hunt repeatedly day and night to provide enough food for ordinary cats. Sometimes, cats eat grass to remove indigestible food from the stomach, such as bones, fur, and feathers. The foraging behavior of cats in the wild reflects the species’ preference for animal tissues.
Wildcats devour the entire prey, including muscles, organs, bones, internal organs, skin, internal organs, etc. According to observations, African lions first expressed their internal organs with their tongues and emptied their internal organs. Feeding temperature also affects the cat’s acceptance of food. Domestic cats are not receptive to food provided at extreme temperatures, and food provided near body temperature (38.5 degrees Celsius) is most preferred. Considering that when consumed in the wild, the cat’s diet is prey that is freshly killed at normal body temperature, so this is logical.
Among the largest and most powerful cats, the lion has developed an effective survival strategy. They are the only cats that regularly cooperate to kill the cats that share the spoils more or less democratically.
Like most carnivores, lions work hard for food and let go of large animals such as zebras and antelopes, which are their usual prey.
They also eat giraffes and smaller animals, and eat carrion.
Open the abdomen and meals usually start from the internal organs, which is beneficial to organs such as the heart, liver, and kidneys. Then, some lions often bury their stomachs and intestines, but often just try to do so.
Why they did this is still unknown.
Other Lions swallow all body cavity food except the stomach, showing a strong preference for the intestines.
The meal is then carried out on the hind limbs, the latter being the fattest part of the animal. The lion will then move towards the head. It is also unusual for a lion to open its skull.
People fed by a group of lions will do their best, and the strongest individuals will get the best food. If there is an arrogant man, he will often (but not always) kill for himself until he is satisfied.
The female will eat next, and then the cubs.
Lions are also scavengers. They will eat almost anything they find dead.
For many old lions, they are too old to play live games, so scavenging may be their only way to forage.
Although tigers hunt alone, several adults may kill a tiger together. Prey that live in dense, forested areas are usually distributed in scattered places where there are tigers. Prey consists of any creature that accidentally slips or walks by, including deer and wild boar. The types of deer include sambar, Chital deer, sika deer, swamp deer and pig deer. Depending on the habitat, tigers may also eat antelope, buffalo, guar, domestic animals, peacocks, monkeys, baby goats, porcupines, fish, frogs, crabs, large lizards, pythons and baby elephants or rhinos. Also eat grass, fruits and berries.
Tigers killed animals of all ages and physical conditions, including animals of their natural colors. Tigers consume 20 to 35 kilograms (44-77 pounds) of food per meal. But they usually eat about 15 to 18 kilograms (33-40 pounds) of food a day for a few days.
Leopards are stealthy and lonely hunters, sometimes stalking their prey at great distances. Leopards prey on everything from mice to mammals twice their weight-including wildebeests, gazelles, deer and juvenile giraffes, as well as small prey such as monkeys and mice.
Certain prey may be lifted, the internal organs will be buried, and birds are usually pulled out carefully before eating.
Leopards seem to dislike fur and feathers and shake their head vigorously to get rid of them.
Leopards often kill more prey than they need immediately, hide them in a tree or hole, and return later to complete it.
Jaguars are good climbers, but people think that they hunt mainly on the ground. The jaguar’s strong jaws and strong canine teeth allow it to kill livestock weighing three to four times its own weight, and usually bite fatally towards the back of the skull, rather than grabbing the neck or the neck like many other large cats. throat. The main diet of the mountain lion is deer. Other prey include beavers, porcupines, hares, raccoons, possums, elk and wild boars.
The killing is often dragged to a secluded place, and after the cat is full, it may be covered with plants. Large prey can provide enough food for a week or more. Cheetahs usually hunt during the day in the early morning and evening, when competition is less intense. They will prey on animals such as gazelles, impalas, wildebeest calves, and hares, track them near their prey until they burst suddenly, and then chase them at short but noticeable high speeds. There are five species in the genus Lynx. Caracal, Lynx, North American Lyn, Eurasian Lyn and Spanish Lyn.
What do they look like? The weight of feral cats ranges from an average of 2.7 to 4 kg for females and an average of 4 to 5 kg for males, although the weight of the entire cat varies greatly throughout the year.
Domestic cats are similar in size, but become heavier due to overfeeding. The body length is usually 500 to 750 mm, and the tail length is between 210 and 350 mm.
Wildcats are usually gray-brown, with a thick tail and clear black stripes all over the body. Their fur is short and soft. Their color is similar to domestic tabby cats, so it is difficult to see them in forest habitats.
Humans have chosen domestic cats to display a variety of body shapes and colors, from hairless forms to long-haired Persians and tailless Manx cats to the very large Maine Coon cat.
The colors range from black to white, with a mixture of red, yellow and brown. The cat’s paws can be pulled back into the sheath when not in use, making them very sharp. Cat teeth are highly specialized for eating meat. Canine teeth are very suitable for assassinating and fixing prey, because the upper teeth point almost straight down, and the lower teeth are curved. Molars are used exclusively for cutting.
Since wild cats have no teeth to crush, they cut them into thin slices for eating.
If you have been licked by a domestic cat, you may have noticed that your tongue is rough.
That’s because the tongue is covered with tiny curved protrusions. These are called papillary.
These nipples are used to groom and lick the meat on the bones. Although cats have whiskers, they do not have eyelashes.
They have an intact inner eyelid, which protects the eyes from damage and dryness.
This inner eyelid is called a nitrifying membrane.
Other physical characteristics
Bilateral symmetry dimorphism
Males have a larger range of weights of 3.5 to 5 kg, 7.71 to 11.01 lbs
Where do they live? Wildcats have been found in the savannah areas of continental Europe, Southwest Asia and Africa. Biogeographic area
Introduction to Nearctic
Ancient Arctic introduces this machine
New tropical introduction
Introduction to Ocean Islands
Other geographic terms
What kind of habitat do they need? Although wild cats in Africa, Asia and Europe can be found in a variety of habitats, they are usually found in forests and dwarf landscapes.
They are absent in extremely arid areas (such as deserts and grasslands), tropical rain forests, and areas where the winter snow is more than 20 cm deep for more than 100 days. They are found in areas where humans live, but are usually rural areas where the main form of agriculture is grazing of livestock. Because of the relationship between domestic cats and people, they can appear in many habitats. They work best in areas where the winter is not very cold.
When a female feral cat is in heat, the local males gather near the female and compete for contact with the female. The male screams, shouts, shows and fights. Multiple males may give birth to different kittens in the litter of a single female.
The breeding of polygamous wild cats occurs at different times of the year, depending on the local climate.
Domestic cats may reproduce more frequently, up to 3 times a year. They are able to do this because they are usually not restricted by the nutrition or climate of wild cats. The average litter size for domestic cats is 4-6. The gestation period (pregnancy) is 65 days on average.
Domestic kittens are weaned at about 8 weeks of age and become independent at about 6 months of age. Females can mate as early as 6 months old.
Key reproductive characteristics
Gonorrhea / libido / hermaphrodite (independent sexual intercourse)
How often does viviparous reproduction occur? Sometimes, if they lose their second child in the first season, they may give birth to a second child.
The breeding season is usually born in May. The number of descendants in the range 1 to 8
Average number of descendants 3.63
Average number of descendants 3.7 AnAge
Range from 60 to 70 days of gestation
Average gestation period is 66 days
Weaning age is 42 to 84 days
Age range of sexual or reproductive maturity (female) 9.0 to 12.0 months
The age range of sexual or reproductive maturity (male) is 9.0 to 12.0 months. All kittens are born with eyes closed and unable to walk. They are nursed and nursed by their mothers for 6 to 12 weeks. After that, they stayed with their mother and learned hunting and survival skills from 4 to 10 months. At the end of 10 months, the wildcat was driven out of the protection of its mother and must become independent. Parent-child investment
How long do they live? European wildcats can live up to 15 years in the wild, although most die before the end of the first year. According to records, some domestic cats can live to 30 years old.
Status: Wild 15.0 (high) years
Status: 30.0 (high) years in captivity
Average life span
Status: Wild 15.0 years Max Planck Institute for Population Research
Average life span
Status: Imprisonment for 15.0 years Max Planck Institute for Population Research
Average life span
Current Status: Wild 18.0 Max Planck Institute for Population Research
How are they behaving? Wild cats and domestic cats are usually active at night or at dusk and dawn. They can be active during the day, especially in areas with little human disturbance. Wildcats often roam around when searching for prey at night.
A European wild cat was recorded traveling 10 kilometers (6 miles) in one night! You may have heard that some people say that cats are detached. This is not surprising, because wild cats mainly live alone (they are alone). Domestic cats are more social and can appear in small families.
They may form small colonies in areas where food sources are concentrated (such as garbage dumps). In this type of cat group, female cats usually stay at the birthplace, while male cats leave the birthplace and try to establish a home elsewhere. In areas where free-range domestic cats are concentrated, a hierarchy is formed. New immigrants must go through a series of struggles before establishing their position.
Separate domestic range The domestic range of male feral cats overlaps with the range of several female domestic animals. The home area of a male African wildcat was recorded to be 4.3 square kilometers.
The domestic range of domestic cats varies greatly with the concentration of resources and the density of inner versus cats and wildcats. (The Feline Expert Group of IUCN, 1996a)
How do they communicate with each other?
Cats have glands on their forehead, mouth, and the bottom of their tail. Male feral cats mark the territory by spraying heavy urine on the subject throughout the house. Cats communicate through visual cues, such as raising their back hair, moving their tails, and facial expressions. They also have various voices that convey different intentions. These include aggressive hiss and calls, affectionate roars, and “quiet” screams used to silence kittens. Cats have a good sense of smell and hearing. The cat’s ears can be quickly rotated to identify the source of a specific sound. They can respond to frequencies up to 25,000 vibrations per second. Because of this ability, cats can even hear the ultrasonic noise emitted by small rodents. Sometimes this allows them to find and capture prey without seeing it.
Their vision is good, but it may not be better than human vision.
The range of colors seen by cats is smaller than that of humans.
The cat’s eyes are located on the front of the head. However, this also means that cats cannot be seen directly under their noses. They can indeed see tiny movements, which helps them find prey.
Their eyes adapt to vision in dim light. In this way, they can hunt after dusk or before dawn. The cat’s whiskers (vibrissae) also have many feelings. Whiskers are special hairs used as highly sensitive touch organs. Cats use their whiskers to determine whether their bodies can pass through small holes. They also use whiskers to detect the movement of their prey.
Other communication methods of chemicals
Odor Marker Perception Channel
What do they eat? The diet of wild or domestic cats consists mainly of small rodents, such as mice and rats. Other common prey are mole rats, sh, rabbits and birds. However, these cats can prey on almost any small animals such as lizards, snakes and large insects. They tend to stay away from prey with thorns, shells or unpleasant smells. Sometimes, cats eat grass to remove indigestible food from the stomach, such as bones, fur, and feathers. Main diet
Carnivores eat terrestrial vertebrates
Foraging behavior of terrestrial non-insect arthropods
Store or store food
What role do they play in the ecosystem? In cities and agricultural areas around the world, raising domestic cats helps control rodent populations.
European wildcats play an important role in controlling populations of rodents and other small mammals. It is this characteristic that may have led to their domestication. Do they cause problems?
Domestic cats carry many diseases that may be transmitted to humans, including rabies, cat scratch fever and several parasitic infections. Efforts to control the number of domestic cats introduced to the island have caused thousands of dollars in losses to those governments and cost us all the precious part of global biodiversity. Wildcats usually have almost no negative effects on humans. (Nowak, 1997) The ways these animals may cause problems for humans
Injury to humans will infect human diseases
How do they interact with us? Domestic cats are regarded as pets and working animals all over the world and are highly valued.
They help control rodent populations and have been used as animal objects for behavioral and physiological research. Wild cats are important members of natural ecosystems.
They help control the entire range of small mammal populations. (IUCN Feline Expert Group, 1996b; IUCN Feline Expert Group, 1996c; IUCN Feline Expert Group, 1996a; Nowak, 1997) The way people benefit from these animals:
Control the number of pests
Are they on the verge of extinction? In fact, population control mechanisms are needed in most areas. African and Asian wildcats are still quite common throughout their range.
As habitat destruction continues, they may deplete suitable habitat.
European wildcats are severely threatened in their local area. In the 19th and 20th centuries, they were largely extinct in Western and Central Europe because they were seen as a threat to game and livestock. They continue to be threatened by habitat loss, but the population is recovering in many parts of their previous range. Other threats to European wildcats include population isolation, deaths due to car crashes, and vulnerability to diseases transmitted by domestic cats.
They are currently protected throughout Europe, and some reintroduction attempts are underway.
The main threat to all wildcat populations, especially European wildcat populations, is the continued hybridization (hybridization) with domestic forms.
The size of big cat-eaters in the wild is usually no more than half its size. Smaller prey tend to have softer bones that are easier to digest. Big cats can eat anything, from deer and wild boar to fish and insects. Some big cats are also addicted to plants. Cats are carnivores by nature, and meat is an essential part of their diet. What do cats eat when they live in the wild? They will eat small animals such as rodents, moles, rabbits and birds. They may also eat lizards, snakes and large insects.
Eating grass is to remove hair, feathers and bones from the belly.
Whether you are talking about Simba the Lion or Felix the Cat, you are talking about people who eat meat.
In the wild, meat intake in cats’ diets will exceed 50%, with the other 50% being mostly fat and a small portion (2%) being carbohydrates. Cat Attitudes is supported by readers. When you make a purchase through a link on our website, we may receive a membership commission. What do domestic cats eat in the wild? If it moves and is not larger than them, they are likely to chase it and try to catch it. Mice, moles, and reptiles are common prey for domestic cats that live outdoors. They may catch and eat a few mice every day, and some of them will escape. This diet is not only what cats eat, but the fact that they have to catch up and catch food keeps them healthy.
What is the best way to feed a cat?
Your indoor cat may not be able to eat like wild cat ancestors, but you should try to make the nutrient content of indoor cats close to the same. Cats can be fed dry food, but they are high in protein and low in carbohydrates (less than 10%). Also, if your cat eats dry food, make sure your cat drinks plenty of water.
List real meat or seafood first in the ingredient list, which is best for your cat, especially if they have a sensitive stomach.
And wet food contains more water.
If your cat does not seem to spend much time on the water bowl, you may want to consider wet food as its main source of nutrition. Wet food contains 70% to 80% water, and cats can absorb some water from the food.
If you have a “short chubby cat” and he is a dry eater, then you may want to consider more protein and fewer carbohydrates in canned food.
What should cats eat in a day?
There are many different opinions on what cats should eat a day. It is recommended that cats consume 24 to 35 calories per pound.
Your cat food containers will have nutritional information, but most of them have no calorie count. So, how do you know how much to feed the cat?
Your veterinarian can help you decide which food is best for your cat and how often you should eat it. A veterinarian or pet dietitian can help you develop a food plan and eating schedule for your cat if you have special requirements. How can I feed my cat naturally? So, what if you want to try to feed the cat like you are living in the wild? Try adding more meat and reducing processed foods, especially if the food you feed your cat is high in carbohydrates. Feeding cats wet food-If your cat is eating dry food, the logical first step is to slowly introduce them into the wet food. In order to simplify the transition process, please mix wet food and dry food first, while increasing the amount of wet food and reducing the amount of dry food within a week or two. Feed the cat with wet food 2 to 3 times a day and remove any food left after 30 minutes of feeding. Feeding cats unprocessed food-real poultry, fish and eggs is the next logical step in returning cats to a natural diet. Cats will eat all the meat, but turkey and chicken are best for them. First cook 2 ounces of turkey or chicken for the cat to see if he likes it. Fish is also a great choice for cats’ natural food.
Salmon, cod and flounder are great choices on the seafood menu.
You should only feed cats cooked fish. Sprinkle some fish on the cat’s dinner. Fish is rich in protein and vitamins. You can add an egg to your cat’s diet from time to time.
Eggs should be cooked first before giving to your cat. You might think that eggs are only suitable for humans, but their high protein content makes them very suitable for cats’ natural diet.
Boiled eggs and scrambled eggs are perfect for your cat.
Provide your cat with a primitive diet-the primitive diet is designed to mimic the food that cats would eat in the wild. This diet is becoming more and more popular, but it can be more challenging to provide cats with all the nutrients their diet needs. Poultry, beef and pork are good choices for a primitive diet. Cut these foods into small pieces and feed them to the cat at mealtimes. Any food that has not been eaten within 30 minutes should be picked up.
When cats are in the wild, they usually follow specific dietary habits and feed on small amounts of food throughout the day. All animals living in the wild believe that food is the ultimate survival resource.
When it comes to cats, this fact is obvious because they must hunt to find food and survive.
According to animal experts (who have studied wild cats for a long time), these animals feed on a variety of different foods depending on their geographic location. Having said that, this article will continue to emphasize what cats eat and drink in the wild.
Small rodents and birds
According to the research conducted by scientists on the face and stomach contents of most wild cats, most of these feline friends feed on small rodents such as mice, mice, hares and rabbits, while sparrows and robins are small birds. According to more in-depth research, cats also feed on large prey such as larger rats, squirrels and bats. Insects and reptiles
Although this may seem trivial, the truth is that most cats feed on large numbers of insects and reptiles to make them full. Insects such as spiders, grasshoppers, cockroaches and lizards all contain essential nutrients that are not found in any cat food sold locally. Puddle water
Cats are very interesting creatures. Since cats are wild animals, cats usually look for water that accumulates in potholes, manholes and small puddles around the garden. The reason why cats prefer to drink natural water instead of “processed” tap water is that they have a sensitive sense of smell and can detect water preservatives such as chlorine and fluorine. Cats’ sense of smell is 14 times higher than that of humans, which means that the seams’ tasteless water will irritate cats.
Cat eats fresh prey
Similar to other cats, cats also feed on fresh prey that they prey.
Researchers have done a lot of work to determine what a cat’s “natural” diet looks like. the reason is simple. Many of the most common cat diseases that we diagnose these days are related to the way we feed our cats.
Obesity and diabetes are obvious examples. A study studied how wild cats get food. The results showed that a “typical” wild cat would kill and eat about nine mice a day, and also scattered many unsuccessful prey.
Another paper showed that wildcats get 52% of their calories from protein and 46% of their calories from fat, of which only 2% comes from carbohydrates. Therefore, if allowed to eat by their own equipment, cats will eat multiple small meals with high protein, high fat and low carbohydrates throughout the day.
But this is not all.
These cats must work hard to get food. Their behavior manifested as a brief interruption of the rest period by relatively intense activities. Commercial cat foods, especially dry formula foods, usually contain much higher carbohydrates than “natural” cat foods. If you feed cats canned food, they may eat two meals a day (or three if they are lucky). Most cats who eat dry food can use dry powder all day long. On the surface, it looks better because they can help themselves to eat when they need it, but when the cat doesn’t have to work, it’s an ideal choice for obesity. food.
Didn’t release a bunch of live mice into your home for your cat to hunt every day, what is the answer? Choose cat food wisely. High protein, medium to high fat and low carbohydrate formulas are usually best.
Most high-quality canned foods meet this requirement. Contrary to what you might hear, some dry varieties also do well.